You can do more with your garage floor. Adding an epoxy floor coating not only adds aesthetic value to your garage space, it also provides an extra layer of protection against stains, spills and damage from car tires, chemicals and other elements.
- Benefits of epoxy floor coating
- Types of epoxy floor coating
- Pricing and styles
- Preparation and application process
- Stem walls, steps, etc.
- Common epoxy issues
- DIY vs. hiring a professional
- Frequently asked questions
Epoxy floor coatings turn plain gray concrete into a colorful piece of artwork, but the benefits don’t end there. Here are a few of the additional benefits offered by epoxy floors.
|Add a personal, low-maintenance touch to the space’s aesthetics.||Protect against stains, spills and chemical damage.||Enjoy long-lasting shock- and slip-resistance for everyday garage use.|
Epoxy floor coatings come in three varieties: single-color, full-flake and metallic finishes. A1 Garage Door Service specializes in top-of-the-line full-flake and metallic options. Both are considered “hybrid systems,” meaning they use a 100-percent epoxy base coat and a polyaspartic topcoat.
Full-flake epoxy: The most common coating, full-flake epoxy floors are slip- and shock-resistant because of the coating’s composition. They’re also less abrasive than concrete, making them a welcome addition to your garage.
Metallic epoxy: Metallic epoxy floor coatings incorporate the use of different metallic powder colors into clear epoxy coating to create exotic and unique designs. This practice turns your garage floor into a one-of-a-kind piece of artwork for your home.
Full-flake epoxy floor coatings come in a variety of styles and colors, as seen in the below video.
Pricing for epoxy application is based on the square footage of your garage. Base costs include standard preparation, materials and labor. Additional costs might be incurred for removal of existing floor coating, crack treatment, coating of stem walls and steps, and additional grinding (metallic coating only).
Epoxy floor coatings, by their nature, are adhesive chemical mixtures that bond to your existing concrete flooring. The strength of that bond depends on how the concrete is cleaned, making the preparation phase as important as the application one.
If you previously had a floor coating applied that wasn’t properly prepared or coated with poor materials, we’ll need to remove it prior to starting the new installation, which comes at an added expense.
On the day of your installation appointment:
- We begin by diamond-grinding your existing floor using OSHA-approved equipment to prepare the surface to bond with the coating. While more labor-intensive, diamond-grinding is preferred to the alternative of acid etching because it creates a better bond and doesn’t use acidic chemicals.
- Next, we mix the 100-percent solid epoxy coating and apply a base coat to the entire surface of your floor.
- While the base coat is still wet, we distribute the flakes across the floor, which provides the signature look and aesthetic effect of epoxy floors.
- Once the base coat dries, we scrape the floor, remove excess flakes and vacuum.
- Lastly, we apply a polyaspartic clear coat finish, which pulls everything together and provides your floor an added layer of protection. Polyaspartic is six times stronger than the epoxy itself and UV and chemical resistance.
A day later, you will be able to walk on your floor and return your items to their rightful storage place. You must wait three days after application before driving your vehicle on the floor, as the transfer of heat from your vehicle and its tires can affect the floor before it completely cures.
Additionally, as a thank you for choosing A1 Garage Door Service, we’ll add a complimentary bottom rubber to your garage door, providing insulation and helping keep insects and rodents out of your home.
Garage designs differ, and the features of your floorplan may require you to make additional decisions regarding your project.
Stem walls are concrete walls built around the main floor of your garage. When using a full-flake epoxy floor coating, you can choose whether to cover these surfaces. Metallic epoxy coating, however, is not recommended for stem walls or any vertical surface.
Because of increased risk of moisture, coating on stem walls is not covered by the floor coating’s lifetime adhesion warranty.
Curb stop and steps
The vertical portion of your curb stop will have a slightly lighter flake coverage to allow for increased visibility and to reduce the tripping hazard. Curb-stop coating application is covered under the square-footage price for your total garage floor.
Coating can be applied to steps, but it must be done separately from the floor. As such, applying epoxy floor coating to stairs in your garage comes with an added expense.
Like any other renovation option, epoxy floor coatings have both their advantages, as outlined above, and their potential challenges or drawbacks. Please note, the likeliness of experiencing these issues depends on whether your floor was properly prepared and your epoxy floor coating was applied correctly.
Peeling: This problem most commonly occurs when a one-part or cheap epoxy kit was used, or if your floor had a previous coating that wasn’t adequately removed. Epoxy floor coatings installed by A1 Garage Door Service include a lifetime applicated warranty to provide added peace of mind.
Welding Burns: This one’s for anyone who uses their garage as a workshop. If you plan to weld in your garage, your floor will end up with marks resembling cigarette burns if welding sparks land on it. To prevent this, use a welding blanket or other protective covering on the floor in the area where you’re working.
Hot tire pick-up: The heat from your car’s tires can cause epoxy coating to soften and stick to the tires, pulling it up when it dries. This is prone to happen on poorly installed floors and not a concern after the first 72 hours for a properly installed floor.
You might be tempted to try applying your own coating or hiring a painter who also works on flooring, but doing so carries a risk alleviated by hiring a specialized flooring professional.
The process of applying epoxy floor coating requires proper preparation, technical and chemical knowledge, and a precise eye for detail. Hiring a professional will ensure they’re using proper equipment and correct materials. Many of the DIY kits you can buy from hardware stores use lower-solids mixtures that are easier to stir and apply but less durable.
If you’re investing in upgrading your garage flooring, you want to ensure you will be satisfied with the results. See what one Scottsdale, Arizona, homeowner said about hiring A1 Garage Door Service for his epoxy floor coating project.
What about cracks in my floor?
Cracks occur from ground settlement underneath your concrete floor. Cracks thicker than the width of a dime will require special treatment prior to applying your epoxy floor coating. While we can treat any small cracks for a set fee, we cannot guarantee the cracks won’t reappear in the future due to continued settling of the soil beneath the concrete. Concrete joints from the slab cannot be filled, as this will lead to future cracking. Joints will be coated, not filled, for no additional charge.
Do I need to move my cabinets, water softener, etc.?
While we’re able to coat the floor around these items, the choice is yours. We do not, however, provide major assistance with moving items and cannot be held responsible for any items stolen or damaged by the elements due to not being stored in the garage during floor coating application. We recommend moving items into an inside location whenever possible.
When can I use my floor again?
Standard flake epoxy floor coatings take, on average, a day to install. Metallic coatings require two to three days, depending on the square footage of the surface being covered. You can start to walk and place lightweight items on the floor 24 hours after completion and drive on it 72 hours after completion.
How should I maintain my epoxy-coated floor?
Epoxy-coated floors are non-porous, meaning they don’t absorb liquid. If you spill oil or another liquid, just wipe it up, and your floor will remain free of unsightly stains. The smooth surface also makes the floor easier to brush our dirt and dust with a broom.
Can you repair epoxy-coated floors?
While epoxy-coated floors offer added durability, accidents still happen, and your floor could become chipped or cracked if a heavy or blunt object falls directly on it. If this happens, it is possible to repair and recoat the affected area but doing so requires the same proper preparation and application as the original coat.